Ants belong to a family of insects, which also contain bees and wasps. Ants are, in fact, a group of small and highly specialised wasps, which have one of the most advanced forms of social life amongst the insects. They live in colonies that ranges from a few to hundreds of thousands of individuals. Due to their ability to organise and administer a society leave humans far behind. A large colony of ants presents thousands of mouths to feed. Foraging is an important job, which is the duty of the workers. Although some ants favour certain foods, most are omnivorous, meaning they will eat a wide variety of substances including insects, honeydew, sweets, grease, oils, vegetables etc. Most ants carry food to the nest where they feed the Queen and larva (the young). Of the many species of ants in Singapore, only a small number have become pests of homes and offices.
Â Types ofÂ Ants species in Singapore:
Cockroaches are one of the most common insects found in homes, restaurants, food handling areas, and they are perhaps the most despised and widespread pests known to man. There are approximately 3500 species of cockroaches of which only five or six species are pests of homes.
Most species feed only on vegetables, however, cockroaches which live in houses are scavengers and will eat a wide variety of food such as cheese, beer, leather, bakery products, starch in book binding, glue, hair, some sweet substances and meat products.The pest species of cockroaches are commonly nocturnal and hide during the day in warm, dark undisturbed places such as cracks and crevices in homes and shops, behind heating equipment, in sewers, storm water drains, outside buildings, in retaining walls and similar locations.
These insects have the ability to carry disease producing organisms, which include salmonella, dysentery, diarrhoea and others. The organisms causing these diseases are carried on the legs and bodies of cockroaches, and are deposited on food and utensils as cockroaches feed and move about.
Type of cockroaches found in Singapore:
German CockroachÂ (Blattella germanica)
Australian CockroachÂ (Periplaneta australasiae)
- American CockroachÂ (Periplaneta americana)
Rodents are warm-blooded mammals that, like humans, can be found throughout the world. They have oversized front teeth for gnawing and check teeth, which are adapted for chewing. Rodents chew on anything available to them and cause great damage in and around homes.
Rodents tend to be rapid breeders. Some species breed year-round. Although certain mice are known for short life spans due to predation, populations are maintained through constant reproduction. Because most rodents possess soft cartilage, they are capable of squeezing through spaces that appear to be much too small for them. All such holes should be stuffed with steel wool and sealed with spackle or cement to prevent entry and re-entry of rodents.
Rats and mice are both extremely destructive within agricultural communities. A number of species feed on seeds and grains. The feces and urine of some rodents may contaminate surfaces with which they come into contact.
Types of rodents found in Singapore:
Mosquitoes in general are prolific breeders. They abound in tropical and sub-tropical areas where conditions are perfect for their existence. Our outdoor lifestyle often brings us in contact with them, since we enjoy sharing the same type of habitat.
Bed Bugs are a public health pest that has plagued mankind for centuries. In recent times there has been a resurgence of this pest. Bed bugs control must be an ongoing activity for many businesses and in some homes.
Bed bugs are a major pest of hostels and backpackers, motels, hotels, restaurants, boats, trains, aircraftÂ and even private homes and apartments. Their bites cause irritation and even allergic reactions, while the stigma associated with theirÂ presence can cause loss of income in accommodation premises through both bad reputation and having rooms out of service. Bed bug control is an ongoing activity for accommodation premises.
Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices during normal daylight hours (e.g. folds of mattresses, coils of springs, upholstery of chairs, cracks in furniture).Â They FavourÂ harbourages close to food source.Â Heavy infestations will hide in more exposed places (e.g. behind loose wallpaper, behind pictures on wall, under door and window frames, in lighting fixtures). Key to harbourages: darkness, isolation and protection. Bed bug control strategies focus on this type of environment.
Termites are often called the â€śsilent destroyerâ€ť because they may be secretly hiding and thriving in your basement or yard without any immediate signs of damage While each termite species thrives in different climates and eats different types of food, all termites require four things to survive â€” food, moisture, shelter and optimal temperature. Unfortunately, all homes, regardless of their construction type, can provide these ideal conditions for termite infestation.Termites are detrivores, or detritus feeders. They feed on dead plants and trees as well as dead parts of living trees, including wood and wood in the soil. A termiteâ€™s mouth is capable of tearing large pieces of food. This ability is what causes concern in human dwellings: while termites only measure approximately one centimeter in length, their feeding habits are capable of causing costly damage to property. House foundation, furniture, shelves, books, carpets and insulation are all possible feeding sites for termites.
Subterranean termiteÂ homes are usually formed in soil. Within these mounds, termites build elaborate tunnel systems and mud tunnels through which they access aboveground food sources. Drywood Termites live within the wood they consume and oftentimes infest walls and furniture.
When a colony has matured, winged, swarming termites can be seen around windows and doors. Winged termites are highly attracted to sources of light and are most active in springtime. After mating, these termites locate a new breeding site and create another colony, spreading infestations throughout multiple locations.
Types of termites in Singapore are:
â€˘Â Drywood termite
â€˘Â Dampwood termite
â€˘Â Subterranean termite
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Our Technical Specialists will be happy to offer you further advice and assistance.